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Sikkim

State Profile

Geography

SIKKIM, a small Himalayan State lying between 27 to 28 degrees North latitude and 88 to 89 degrees East longitude is the second smallest state in India. It is barely 7,096 sq km in size yet has an elevation ranging from 300 m to 8585 m above sea level. It's Geography is dominated by the most majestic mountain chain in the world which includes the Kanchenjunga, the world's third highest mountain and is worshipped as the guardian deity to their land. One of the smallest states of India, it is bounded by Nepal to the west and Bhutan to the east; by the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north and northeast and by West Bengal to the south.

Administration

Sikkim is the 22nd state of the Indian Union. It became a state of the Indian Union under the constitution (Thirty-eight Amendment) Act, 1975. Sikkim has the largest area and the highest production of large cardamom in India. Under the unicameral legislature, it has 32 seats of legislative assembly. One member each represents the state in the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. It has 9 sub-divisions, 92 Zilla Panchayat ward, 159 unit of Gram panchayat and 452

Demography

The population of Sikkim is 0.54 million according to 2001 census and is scattered over 4 districts and 452 villages. The State has the density of 76 persons per sq. km. As against decadal growth rate of 21.54% at the national level, the population of the State has grown by 33.06% over the period 1991-2001. The sex ratio of Sikkim at 875 females to 1000 males is lower than the national average of 933. Female literacy of the State rose to 61.46% from 46.76% in 1991. The population of Sikkim is mainly made up of the Lepehas, the Bhutias and their allied clans and the Nepalese.

Health Indicators of Sikkim

The Infant Mortality Rate is 30. The Sex Ratio in the State is 889 (as compared to 940 for the country). Comparative figures of major health and demographic indicators are as follows :

Demographic, Socio-economic and Health profile of Sikkim State as compared to India figures

IndicatorSikkimIndia
Total population (in crore) (Census 2011) 0.06 121.01
Decadal Growth (%) (Census 2011) 12.36 17.64
Crude Birth Rate ( SRS 2011) 17.6 21.8
Crude Death Rate ( SRS 2011) 5.6 7.1
Natural Growth Rate ( SRS 2011) 12.0 14.7
Infant Mortality Rate ( SRS 2011) 26 44
Maternal Mortality Rate (SRS 2007-09) NA 212
Total Fertility Rate (SRS 2011) NA 2.4
Sex Ratio (Census 2011) 889 940
Child Sex Ratio (Census 2011) 944 914
Schedule Caste population (in crore) (Census 2001) 0.0027 16.6
Schedule Tribe population (In crore) (Census 2001) 0.011 8.4
Total Literacy Rate (%) (Census 2011) 82.20 74.04
Male Literacy Rate (%) (Census 2011) 87.29 82.14
Female Literacy Rate (%) (Census 2011) 76.43 65.46

Health Infrastructure of Sikkim

ParticularsRequiredIn positionshortfall
Sub-centre 151 147 4
Primary Health Centre 22 24 *
Community Health Centre 5 2 3
Health worker (Female)/ANM at Sub Centres & PHCs 171 291 *
Health Worker (Male) at Sub Centres 147 1592 9895
Health Assistant (Female)/LHV at PHCs 24 20 4
Health Assistant (Male) at PHCs 24 12 12
Doctor at PHCs 24 32 *
Obstetricians & Gynecologists at CHCs 2 0 2
Pediatricians at CHCs 2 0 2
Total specialists at CHCs 8 0 8
Radiographers at CHCs 2 2 0
Pharmacist at PHCs & CHCs 26 10 16
Laboratory Technicians at PHCs & CHCs 26 28 *
Nursing Staff at PHCs & CHCs 38 24 14

(Source: RHS Bulletin, March 2012, M/O Health & F.W., GOI)

Organogram

Oraganizational Structure of Mission Directorate/State Programme Management Unit (SPMU) of the State of Sikkim

Oraganizational Structure of Mission Directorate/State Programme Management Unit (SPMU) of the State of Sikkim

Oraganizational Structure of District Programme Management Unit (DPMU) of the State of Sikkim

Oraganizational Structure of District Programme Management Unit (DPMU) of the State of Sikkim

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List & Addresses of State Officials

Principal Secy
Dr. K. Bhandari
Secretary (Health Care, Human Services & Family Welfare),
Department of Health & Family Welfare,
Government of Sikkim, Tashiling,
Gangtok - 737101 , Sikkim
Tele office : 03592-202633
Fax No : 03592-204481
Resi : 03592-202422
Mob : 09434384575
Email : healthsecyskm@yahoo.com
Mission Director
Dr. P.M. Pradhan
Mission Director (NHM)
Dept. of Health Care, Human Services & Family Welfare,
Government of Sikkim, Tashiling,
Secretariat, Gangtok - 737102, Sikkim
Telefax : +91-3592-205439
Mob : +91-7797896244
Email : mdnrhmsikkim@gmail.com, drpmpradhan@yahoo.com
Regional Director
Dr. A. C. Baishya
Director RRC, NE States
Guwahati
Tel. (Off) : +91-3592-2360163
Director in Chief / Director Health Service
Dr. Tshring Yethenpa
Director (Health Services)
Dept. of Health Care, Human Services & Family Welfare,
Govt. of Sikkim,
Tashiling Secretariat
Gangtok - 737103
Tele Fax : 03592-201017
Mob : 9434023525
E-mail : yethenpa_24@yahoo.co.in