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Meghalaya

State Profile

Geography

The state of Meghalaya is bounded on the north by Goalpara, Kamrup, Nagoan and Karbi Anglong districts of Assam State, and on the east by the Districts of Cachar and North Cachar Hills, also of the State of Assam. On the south and west is Bangladesh. Meghalaya lies between 20.1 N and 26.5 latitude and 85.49 E and 92.52 "E longitude.

Administration

Meghalaya "the abode of clouds", was inaugurated as an autonomous state on April 2, 1970 and declared a full-fledged State on January 21, 1972. The total area of the State is 22,429 square kilometer. The State is now divided into seven administrative districts. They are (1) Jaintia Hills District, created on February 22, 1972. (2) East Garo Hills District and (3) West Garo Hills District created on October 22, 1976. (4) East Khasi Hills District and (5) West Khasi Hills District created on October 28,1976. (6) Ri Bhoi District created on June 4, 1992 and (7) South Garo Hills District created on June 18, 1992. They are predominantly inhabited by the Khasis, the Jaintias and the Garos. These tribal communities are the descendents of very ancient people having distinctive traits and ethnic origins. Meghalayas capital, Shillong and also the district headquarters of East Khasi Hills District is situated at an altitude of 1,496 meters above sea level. The capital city has a bracing climate throughout the year. This city has been the seat of Government since the consolidation of the British administration in this part of India, over a century ago. It has 60 seats of legislative assembly. The state is represented in the Lok Sabha by two members and one member in the Rajya Sabha.

Demography

The population of Meghalaya is 2.32 according to 2001 census and is scattered over 7 districts 39 blocks and 6026 villages. The State has the density of 103 persons per sq. km. As against decadal growth rate of 21.54% at the national level, the population of the State has grown by 30.65% over the period 1991-2001. The sex ratio of Meghalaya at 972 females to 1000 males is higher than the national average of 933. Female literacy of the State rose to 60.41% from 44.85% in 1991.

State Capital

Meghalayas capital, Shillong and also the district headquarters of East Khasi Hills District is situated at an altitude of 1,496 meters above sea level. The capital city has a bracing climate throughout the year. This city has been the seat of Government since the consolidation of the British administration in this part of India, over a century ago. It is also known as the Scotland of the East.

The city is one of the few hill stations with motorable roads all round. Shillong has its own charm, different from other hill stations, and presents a natural scenic beauty with waterfalls, brooks, pine grooves and gardens. The place, the people, the flora and fauna and the climate all combine to make Shillong an ideal resort throughout the year. Shillong offers arrangements for tourists with good hotel accommodation, facilities for sports, fishing and hiking.

Shillong is also the headquarters of the North Eastern Council, the Eastern Air Command, the Assam Rifle, the Assam Regimental Centre and 101 Comm. Zone. Here, there is the North Eastern Hill University and the official residence of the Governor of Meghalaya. A bench of the Guwahati High Court has been set up in Shillong.

Health Indicators of Meghalaya

The Infant Mortality Rate is 55. The Sex Ratio in the State is 986 (as compared to 940 for the country). Comparative figures of major health and demographic indicators are as follows:

Demographic, Socio-economic and Health profile of Meghalaya State as compared to India figures

IndicatorMeghalaya India
Total population (in crores) (Census 2011) 0.30 121.01
Decadal Growth (%) (Census 2011) 27.82 17.64
Crude Birth Rate ( SRS 2011) 24.1 21.8
Crude Death Rate ( SRS 2011) 7.8 7.1
Natural Growth Rate ( SRS 2011) 16.3 14.7
Infant Mortality Rate ( SRS 2011) 52 44
Maternal Mortality Rate (SRS 2007-09) NA 212
Total Fertility Rate (SRS 2011) NA 2.4
Sex Ratio (Census 2011) 986 940
Child Sex Ratio (Census 2011) 970 914
Schedule Caste population (in crore) (Census 2001) 0.001 16.67
Schedule Tribe population (in crore) (Census 2001) 0.2 8.43
Total Literacy Rate (%) (Census 2011) 75.48 74.04
Male Literacy Rate (%) (Census 2011) 77.17 82.14
Female Literacy Rate (%) (Census 2011) 73.78 65.46

Health Infrastructure of Meghalaya

ParticularsRequiredIn positionshortfall
Sub-centre 789 397 392
Primary Health Centre 118 109 9
Community Health Centre 29 29 0
Health worker (Female)/ANM at Sub Centres & PHCs 506 787 *
Health Worker (Male) at Sub Centres 397 133 264
Health Assistant (Female)/LHV at PHCs 109 79 30
Health Assistant (Male) at PHCs 109 69 40
Doctor at PHCs 109 104 5
Obstetricians & Gynecologists at CHCs 29 5 24
Pediatricians at CHCs 29 1 28
Total specialists at CHCs 116 9 107
Radiographers at CHCs 29 22 7
Pharmacist at PHCs & CHCs 138 142 *
Laboratory Technicians at PHCs & CHCs 138 134 4
Nursing Staff at PHCs & CHCs 312 414 *
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(Source: RHS Bulletin, March 2012, M/O Health & F.W., GOI)

Organogram

Meghalaya Mission Directorate at the State Level & The State  Programme Management Unit

Meghalaya Mission Directorate at the State Level & The State Programme Management Unit

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List & Addresses of State Officials

Principal Secy
Shri  Y. Tsering
Principal Secretary (Health& Family Welfare)
Department of Health & Family Welfare,
R. N. 315, Additional Secretariat Building,
Shillong- 793 001, Meghalaya
Tele Fax : 0364-2223509
Mob : 08794195573
E Mail : ytsering@yahoo.com
Mission Director
Shri  M. R.Synrem
Secretary  (Health) & Mission Director NRHM
Department of Health & Family Welfare,
Additional Secretariat Building,  
IGP Road Shillong- 793 001, Meghalaya
Tele fax : 0364-2224620
Mob : 09856000111
E-mail : mebans@Yahoo.com
Regional Director
Dr. H.Doley
Regional Director,
Regional Office of Health & FW
Dhankheti, Shillong-793003
Tel./Fax (Off): +91-364-2226843
Moblie : +91-09436925146
E-mail : rd.rohnfw@gmail.com

Regional Evaluation Team Report

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RET Report - 2009-10 PDF file that opens in new window. To know how to open PDF file refer Help section located at bottom of the site. (27 KB)