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Jharkhand

State Profile

Geography

The new State Jharkhand formerly a part of Bihar state, was formed on November 15th, 2000 with Ranchi as its capital. Jharkhand is the 28th state of the Indian Union.

The new state largely comprises of the forest tracks of Chhotanagpur plateau and Santhal Pargana and has distinct cultural traditions. This area in and around the districts of Chotanagpur and Santhal Parganas was formerly Southern Bihar and is thickly wooded and consists of a succession of hills.

History

Jharkhand which came into being on 15 November 2000 as the 28th State of the Union is the homeland of the tribals for which they had been dreaming for centuries. According to legend, Raja Jai Singh Deo of Orissa had declared himself the ruler of Jharkhand in the 13th century. It largely comprises forest tracks of Chhotanagpur plateau and Santhal Pargana and has distinct cultural traditions. In post-Independence era, the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha started a regular agitation which impelled the government to establish the Jharkhand Area Autonomous Council in 1995 and finally a full-fledged State.

The state of Jharkhand has an area of 79,714 sq. km. and a population of 26.9 million. There are 24 districts, 211 blocks and 32615 villages. The State has population density of 338 per sq. km. (as against the national average of 312). The decadal growth rate of the state is NA (against 21.54% for the country) and the population of the state continues to grow at a much faster rate than the national rate.

Health Indicators of Jharkhand

The Total Fertility Rate of the State is 3.The Infant Mortality Rate is 42 and Maternal Mortality Ratio is 261 (SRS 2007 - 2009) which are higher than the National average. The Sex Ratio in the State is 947 (as compared to 940 for the country). Comparative figures of major health and demographic indicators are as follows:

Demographic, Socio-economic and Health profile of Jharkhand State as compared to India figures

IndicatorJharkhandIndia
Total population (In crore) (Census 2011) 3.29 121.01
Decadal Growth (%) (Census 2011) 22.34 17.64
Crude Birth Rate (SRS 2011) 25.0 21.8
Crude Death Rate (SRS 2011) 6.9 7.1
Natural Growth Rate (SRS 2011) 18.1 14.7
Infant Mortality Rate (SRS 2011) 39 44
Maternal Mortality Rate (SRS 2007-09) 261 212
Total Fertility Rate (SRS 2011) 2.9 2.4
Sex Ratio (Census 2011) 947 940
Child Sex Ratio (Census 2011) 943 914
Schedule Caste population (in crore) (Census 2001) 0.31 16.67
Schedule Tribe population (in crore) (Census 2001) 0.70 8.43
Total Literacy Rate (%) (Census 2011) 67.63 74.04
Male Literacy Rate (%) (Census 2011) 78.45 82.14
Female Literacy Rate (%) (Census 2011) 56.21 65.46

Health Infrastructure of Jharkhand

ParticularsRequiredIn positionshortfall
Sub-centre 6043 3958 2085
Primary Health Centre 964 330 634
Community Health Centre 241 188 53
Health worker (Female)/ANM at Sub Centres & PHCs 4288 6574 *
Health Worker (Male) at Sub Centres 3958 957 3001
Health Assistant (Female)/LHV at PHCs 330 70 260
Health Assistant (Male) at PHCs 330 30 300
Doctor at PHCs 330 407 *
Obstetricians & Gynecologists at CHCs 188 30 26
Pediatricians at CHCs 188 16 172
Total specialists at CHCs 752 86 666
Radiographers at CHCs 188 58 130
Pharmacist at PHCs & CHCs 518 298 220
Laboratory Technicians at PHCs & CHCs 518 371 147
Nursing Staff at PHCs & CHCs 1646 976 774

(Source: RHS Bulletin, March 2012, M/O Health & F.W., GOI)

Organogram

 

List and Addresses of State Officials

Principal Secy
Shri B. K. Tripathi 
Principal Secretary (Health)
Department of Health & Family Welfare
Government of Jharkhand
Nepal House, Doranda,
Ranchi- 834002.
Tele office : 0651- 2491033
Fax No : 0651-2490314
Mob : 09431133130
Email : sec-health-jhr@nic.in
Mission Director
Dr. Manish Ranjan 
Mission Director (NRHM)
Department of Health & Family Welfare
Government of Jharkhand State RCH office
G. V. I. Campus, Namkum
Ranchi- 834010.
Tele office : 0651-2261000/1
Fax No : 0651-2261856
Mob : 09430177777
E Mail : nrhmjharkhand2@gmail.com

Regional Evaluation Team Report

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RET Report - 2011-12 PDF file that opens in new window. To know how to open PDF file refer Help section located at bottom of the site. (192 KB)
RET Report - 2010-11 PDF file that opens in new window. To know how to open PDF file refer Help section located at bottom of the site. (198 KB)
RET Report - 2009-10 PDF file that opens in new window. To know how to open PDF file refer Help section located at bottom of the site. (37 KB)