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Delhi

State Profile

Geography

The national capital territory of Delhi with an area of 1483 sq.km is situated between the Himalayas and Aravalis range in the heart of the Indian sub-continent. It is surrounded on 3 sides by Haryana and to the east, across the river Yamuna by Uttar Pradesh. The major part of the territory lies on the western side of the river Yamuna, only some villages and the urban area of Shahdara lie on the eastern side of the river. Its greatest length is around 33 miles and the greatest breadth is 30 miles. Delhi's altitude ranges between 213 to 305 metres above the sea level.

History

Delhi, the capital of India before and after independence has perhaps seen, more of history than any other city in India. It was 1st created as the capital of an independent kingdom by Tomars in 736 AD and gradually it became the principal city of India and eventually its capital. Delhi changed hands at the end of the 12th century and passed on to the hands of the Muslim conquerors. Qutab-ub-din, Iltumish, Khiljis, Tughlaqs and Mughals ruled Delhi in succession. The city of Delhi passed on to the hands of the British in 1803 AD. It was only in 1911, when the capital of British empire was shifted from Calcutta to Delhi, that Delhi got its present prestige. After independence also, a kind of autonomy was conferred on the capital but it largely remained a chief commissioner?s regime. In 1956 Delhi was converted into a Union territory and gradually the chief commissioner was replaced by a Lt. Governor. In 1991, the National Capital Territory Act was passed by the parliament and a system of diarchy was introduced under which, the elected Government was given wide powers; except law and order which remained with the central Government. The actual enforcement of the legislation came in 1993.

The state of Delhi has an area of 1,483 sq. km. and a population of 16.75 million. There are 9 districts, 14 blocks and 165 villages. The State has population density of 9,339 per sq. km. (as against the national average of 312). The decadal growth rate of the state is 47.02% (against 21.54% for the country) and the population of the state continues to grow at a much faster rate than the national rate.

Health Indicators of Delhi

The Total Fertility Rate of the State is 1.9. The Infant Mortality Rate is 28 and Maternal Mortality Ratio is NA (SRS 2007 - 2009). The Sex Ratio in the State is 866 (as compared to 940 for the country). Comparative figures of major health and demographic indicators are as follows :

Demographic, Socio-economic and Health profile of Delhi State as compared to India figures

IndicatorDelhiIndia
Total Population (In crore) (Census 2011) 1.67 121.01
Decadal Growth (%) (Census 2011) 20.96 17.64
Crude Birth Rate (SRS 2011) 17.5 21.8
Crude Death Rate (SRS 2011) 4.3 7.1
Natural Growth rate (SRS 2011) 13.2 14.7
Infant Mortality Rate (SRS 2011) 28 44
Maternal Mortality Rate (SRS 2007-09) NA 212
Total Fertility Rate (SRS 2011) 1.8 2.4
Sex Ratio (Census 2011) 866 940
Child Sex ratio (Census 2011) 866 914
Schedule Caste population (in crore) (Census 2001) 0.23 16.6
Schedule Tribe population (in crore) (Census 2001) Not Notified 8.4
Total Literacy Rate (%) (Census 2011) 86.34 74.04
Male Literacy Rate (%) (Census 2011) 91.03 82.14
Female Literacy Rate (%) (Census 2011) 80.93 65.46

Health Infrastructure of Delhi

ParticularsRequiredIn positionshortfall
Sub-centre 83 41 42
Primary Health Centre 13 8 5
Community Health Centre 3 0 3
Health worker (Female)/ANM at Sub Centres & PHCs 49 54 *
Health Worker (Male) at Sub Centres 41 0 41
Health Assistant (Female)/LHV at PHCs 8 8 0
Health Assistant (Male) at PHCs 8 0 8
Doctor at PHCs 8 19 *
Obstetricians & Gynecologists at CHCs 0 0 0
Pediatricians at CHCs 0 0 0
Total specialists at CHCs 0 0 0
Radiographers at CHCs 0 0 0
Pharmacist at PHCs & CHCs 8 3 5
Laboratory Technicians at PHCs & CHCs 8 2 6
Nursing Staff at PHCs & CHCs 8 3 5

(Source: RHS Bulletin, March 2011, M/O Health & F.W., GOI)

Organogram

Organogram of Delhi State Health Mission (DSHM) under NRHM

Organogram of Delhi State Health Mission (DSHM) under NRHM

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List and Addresses of State Officials

Principal Secy
Sh. S.C.L. Das
Secretary (Health & FW),
Department of Health & Family Welfare,
Government of NCT of Delhi,
Room No:A-907, A Wing,
9th Level, Delhi Secretariat,
I.P. Estate, New Delhi - 110002
Tele office : 011- 23392017
Fax No : 011-23392464
Mob : 9971192872
E Mail : pshealth@nic.in
Mission Director
Dr. N. Vasantha Kumar
Mission Director (NRHM)
6th Floor B-Wing
VikasBhawan-II Civil Lines
Near Metcalf House
Delhi - 110054
Tele fax : 011- 23813540
Mob : 08130434455
E Mail : md-del-nrhm@nic.in