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Assam

State Profile

Geography

Assam, the land of hills and valleys, the land of the mighty river Brahmaputra, the land of Mother Goddess Kamakhya, lies in the northeastern corner of India. The name "Assam" is derived from the term "Asom" which, in Sanskrit, refers to unequal or unrivalled. The uneven topography of the land, full of hills, plains and rivers might, therefore, have contributed to her name. The Mongolian Ahom dynasty that had ruled Assam for more than six hundred years might also be the cause for her name. Except for a narrow corridor running through the foothills of the Himalayas that connects the state with West Bengal, Assam is almost entirely isolated from India. This state is bordering Arunachal Pradesh in the east, West Bengal, Meghalaya, Bangladesh in the west, Arunachal Pradesh, Bhutan in the north and Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Tripura in the south. Its longitude lies at 88.250E to 96.00E and latitude at 24.50N to 28.00N and temperature varies from 60C TO 380C. Assam's economy is based on agriculture and oil. Assam produces a significant part of the total tea production of the world. Assam produces more than half of India's petroleum.

The humidity that is brought into Assam by the southwest monsoons, which shower an average annual rainfall of 120 inches or more on the great Brahmaputra valley and the surrounding region, also create spectacular sunsets during most of the year. The monsoons are Assam's life blood; creating a bio-diversity that can compete with the equatorial rain-forests and painting the region with a thousand shades of green.

Administration

The current state capital of Assam, Guwahati, known in ancient time as Pragjyotishpura or The Eastern City of Light, was the capital of Kamrup which finds frequent mention in the Great Hindu Epic Mahabharata and other Sanskrit volumes and historical lores.

Its major towns are Guwahati, Dhubri, Barpeta, Dibrugarh, Tinsukia, Jorhat, Nagaon, Sivasagar, Silchar, Tezpur. Under the unicameral legislature system, it has 126 seats of legislative assembly. The state is represented in the Lok Sabha by fourteen members and seven members in the Rajya Sabha.

Demography

The population of Assam is 26.66 according to 2001 census and is scattered over 27 districts and 26312 villages. Assam is divided into three regions, each headed by a commissioner. Under each commissioner, there are several administrative units called Districts. The State has the highest population density among NE states, of 339 persons per sq. km. As against decadal growth rate of 21.54% at the national level, the population of the State has grown by 18.92% over the period 1991-2001. The sex ratio of Assam at 935 females to 1000 males is higher than the national average of 933. Female literacy of the State rose to 56.03% from 43.03% in 1991. There are so many major tribes and a number of sub-tribes inhabiting the area.

Health Indicators of Assam

The Total Fertility Rate of the State is 2.5. The Infant Mortality Rate is 58 and Maternal Mortality Ratio is 390 (SRS 2007 - 2009) which are higher than the National average. The Sex Ratio in the State is 954 (as compared to 940 for the country). Comparative figures of major health and demographic indicators are as follows :

Demographic, Socio-economic and Health profile of Assam State as compared to India figures

IndicatorsAssamIndia
Total population(in crore) (Census 2011) 3.12 121.01
Decadal Growth (%) (Census 2011) 16.93 17.64
Crude Birth Rate (SRS 2011) 22.8 21.8
Crude Death Rate (SRS 2011) 8.0 7.1
Natural Growth Rate (SRS 2011) 14.8 14.7
Infant Mortality Rate (SRS 2011) 55 44
Maternal Mortality Rate (SRS 2007-09) 390 212
Total Fertility Rate (SRS 2011) 2.4 2.4
Sex Ratio (Census 2011) 954 940
Child Sex Ratio (Census 2011) 957 914
Schedule Caste population (in crore) (Census 2001) 0.18 16.6
Schedule Tribe population (in crore) (Census 2001) 0.33 8.4
Total Literacy Rate (%) (Census 2011) 73.18 74.04
Male Literacy Rate (%) (Census 2011) 78.81 82.14
Female Literacy Rate (%) (Census 2011) 67.27 65.46

Health Infrastructure of Assam

ParticularsRequiredIn positionshortfall
Sub-centre 5841 4604 1237
Primary Health Centre 953 975 *
Community Health Centre 238 109 129
Health worker (Female)/ANM at Sub Centres & PHCs 5579 8723 *
Health Worker (Male) at Sub Centres 4604 2386 2218
Health Assistant (Female)/LHV at PHCs 975 452 523
Health Assistant (Male) at PHCs 975 0 975
Doctor at PHCs 975 1478 *
Obstetricians & Gynecologists at CHCs 109 69 40
Pediatricians at CHCs 109 20 89
Total specialists at CHCs 436 122 314
Radiographers at CHCs 109 65 44
Pharmacist at PHCs & CHCs 1084 1303 *
Laboratory Technicians at PHCs & CHCs 1084 1243 *
Nursing Staff at PHCs & CHCs 1738 2795 *

(Source: RHS Bulletin, March 2012, M/O Health & F.W., GOI)

Organogram

 

List and Addresses of State Officials

Dr. Dhruba Hozai  
Director (Health Services)
Directorate of Health Services,
Hengrabari, Guwahati Assam- 781036

Tele fax : 0361-2261630
Mob : +91-09435011783
E Mail :directorhealthassam@yahoo.co.in,
Additional Chief Secretary
Shri  Subhash Ch. Das 
Additional Chief Secretary   to the government of assam,
Health & Family Welfare Department
CM Block-3
Assam Secretariat, Dispur, Guwahati, 
Assam - 781006
Tele Fax : 0361- 2237054
Mob : +91-09954944044
E Mail : scdas.ias@assam.gov.in
Commissioner & Secretary
Shri  Swapnanil Barua 
Commissioner & Secretary  to the government of assam,
Health & Family Welfare Department
Ground floor Block-D
Assam Secretariat, Dispur, Guwahati, 
Assam - 781006
Tele Fax : 0361- 2237305
Mob : +91-09435088669
E Mail : scdas.ias@sify.com
Mission Director

Shri Manish Thakur 
Mission Director (NHM)
Department of Health & Family Welfare
Office of Mission Director
National Rural Health Mission Saikia Commercial Complex   Near- Post Office Bus Stand Christian Basti  Guwahati -781005 

office : +91-361-2340236,2346211
Fax : +91-361-2349921,2340238
Mob : +91-09435006000
E Mail : mdnrhmasm@gmail.com
Rigional Director

Dr. Partha Jyoti Gogoi
Regional Director I/C
Ministry of health & Family Welfare
Govt.of India 
Sixth Mile, Panjabari, Guwahati- 781037, Assam 

Tele Off : 0361-2338345
Fax No : 0361-2330555
Mob : +91-09954021269
E Mail : pjgogoi@gmail.com
Director Regional Resource Centre for NE States

Dr. A. C. Baishya
Director
Regional Resource Centre for NE States
Sixth Mile, Panjabari, Guwahati- 781022, Assam 

Tele Off : 0361-2360182
Fax No : 0361-2360163
Mob : +91-09954075427
E Mail : pjgogoi@gmail.com
Director Health Services

Dr. ADhruba Hojai
Director of Health Services Assam
hengerabari, Guwahati- 781036, Assam 

Tele Off : 0361-2261630
Fax No : 0361-2261630
Mob : +91-9435011783
E Mail : dirhealth@assam.nic.in