State Profile


Assam, the land of hills and valleys, the land of the mighty river Brahmaputra, the land of Mother Goddess Kamakhya, lies in the northeastern corner of India. The name "Assam" is derived from the term "Asom" which, in Sanskrit, refers to unequal or unrivalled. The uneven topography of the land, full of hills, plains and rivers might, therefore, have contributed to her name. The Mongolian Ahom dynasty that had ruled Assam for more than six hundred years might also be the cause for her name. Except for a narrow corridor running through the foothills of the Himalayas that connects the state with West Bengal, Assam is almost entirely isolated from India. This state is bordering Arunachal Pradesh in the east, West Bengal, Meghalaya, Bangladesh in the west, Arunachal Pradesh, Bhutan in the north and Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Tripura in the south. Its longitude lies at 88.250E to 96.00E and latitude at 24.50N to 28.00N and temperature varies from 60C TO 380C. Assam's economy is based on agriculture and oil. Assam produces a significant part of the total tea production of the world. Assam produces more than half of India's petroleum.

The humidity that is brought into Assam by the southwest monsoons, which shower an average annual rainfall of 120 inches or more on the great Brahmaputra valley and the surrounding region, also create spectacular sunsets during most of the year. The monsoons are Assam's life blood; creating a bio-diversity that can compete with the equatorial rain-forests and painting the region with a thousand shades of green.


The current state capital of Assam, Guwahati, known in ancient time as Pragjyotishpura or The Eastern City of Light, was the capital of Kamrup which finds frequent mention in the Great Hindu Epic Mahabharata and other Sanskrit volumes and historical lores.

Its major towns are Guwahati, Dhubri, Barpeta, Dibrugarh, Tinsukia, Jorhat, Nagaon, Sivasagar, Silchar, Tezpur. Under the unicameral legislature system, it has 126 seats of legislative assembly. The state is represented in the Lok Sabha by fourteen members and seven members in the Rajya Sabha.


The population of Assam is 26.66 according to 2001 census and is scattered over 27 districts and 26312 villages. Assam is divided into three regions, each headed by a commissioner. Under each commissioner, there are several administrative units called Districts. The State has the highest population density among NE states, of 339 persons per sq. km. As against decadal growth rate of 21.54% at the national level, the population of the State has grown by 18.92% over the period 1991-2001. The sex ratio of Assam at 935 females to 1000 males is higher than the national average of 933. Female literacy of the State rose to 56.03% from 43.03% in 1991. There are so many major tribes and a number of sub-tribes inhabiting the area.

Health Indicators of Assam

The Total Fertility Rate of the State is 2.4. The Infant Mortality Rate is 54 and Maternal Mortality Ratio is 328 (SRS 2010-12) which are higher than the National average. The Sex Ratio in the State is 954 (as compared to 940 for the country). Comparative figures of major health and demographic indicators are as follows :

Demographic, Socio-economic and Health profile of Assam State as compared to India figures

Total population(in crore) (Census 2011) 3.12 121.01
Decadal Growth (%) (Census 2011) 16.93 17.64
Crude Birth Rate (SRS 2013) 22.4 21.4
Crude Death Rate (SRS 2013) 7.8 7
Natural Growth Rate (SRS 2013) 14.5 14.4
Infant Mortality Rate (SRS 2013) 54 40
Maternal Mortality Rate (SRS 2010-12) 328 178
Total Fertility Rate (SRS 2012) 2.4 2.4
Sex Ratio (Census 2011) 954 940
Child Sex Ratio (Census 2011) 957 914
Schedule Caste population (in crore) (Census 2001) 0.18 16.6
Schedule Tribe population (in crore) (Census 2001) 0.33 8.4
Total Literacy Rate (%) (Census 2011) 73.18 74.04
Male Literacy Rate (%) (Census 2011) 78.81 82.14
Female Literacy Rate (%) (Census 2011) 67.27 65.46

Health Infrastructure of Assam

ParticularsRequiredIn positionshortfall
Sub-centre 5841 4604 1237
Primary Health Centre 953 975 *
Community Health Centre 238 109 129
Health worker (Female)/ANM at Sub Centres & PHCs 5579 8723 *
Health Worker (Male) at Sub Centres 4604 2386 2218
Health Assistant (Female)/LHV at PHCs 975 452 523
Health Assistant (Male) at PHCs 975 0 975
Doctor at PHCs 975 1478 *
Obstetricians & Gynecologists at CHCs 109 69 40
Pediatricians at CHCs 109 20 89
Total specialists at CHCs 436 122 314
Radiographers at CHCs 109 65 44
Pharmacist at PHCs & CHCs 1084 1303 *
Laboratory Technicians at PHCs & CHCs 1084 1243 *
Nursing Staff at PHCs & CHCs 1738 2795 *

(Source: RHS Bulletin, March 2012, M/O Health & F.W., GOI)



List and Addresses of State Officials

Principal Secretary
Shri  M.G.V. K. Bhanu
Add. Chief  Secretary    
Health & Family Welfare Department
Govt. of Assam Ground Floor 1st-  C.M.Block  
Assam Secretariat, Dispur, Guwahati, 
Assam - 781006
Tele Fax : 0361- 2237275,2237405
Mob : +91-09435047833
E Mail :,
Mission Director
Dr. P. Ashok Babu 
Mission Director (NHM)
Department of Health & Family Welfare
Office of Mission Director
National Rural Health Mission Saikia Commercial Complex   Near- Post Office Bus Stand Christian Basti  Guwahati -781005 
office : +91-361-2340236,2346211
Fax : +91-361-2349921,2340238
Mob : +91-09435368444
E Mail :
Rigional Director
Dr. Partha Jyoti Gogoi
Regional Director I/C
Ministry of health & Family Welfare
Govt.of India 
Sixth Mile, Panjabari, Guwahati- 781037, Assam 
Tele Off : 0361-2338345
Fax No : 0361-2330555
Mob : +91-09954021269
E Mail :
Director Regional Resource Centre for NE States
Dr. A. C. Baishya
Regional Resource Centre for NE States
Sixth Mile, Panjabari, Guwahati- 781022, Assam 
Tele Off : 0361-2360182
Fax No : 0361-2360163
Mob : +91-09954075427
E Mail :
Director Health Services
Dr. Rathindra  Nath Bhuyan
Director of Health Services Assam
Hengerabari, Guwahati- 781036, Assam 
Tele Off : 0361-2261630
Fax No : 0361-2261630
Mob : +91-09435100090
E Mail :